The Chinese government used members of its Muslim Uighur minority to test a facial recognition system that it claims can gauge a person's emotions, the BBC reports. A software engineer told the publication that he installed a camera system in police stations in Xinjiang, which uses AI to analyze Uighur's facial expressions and generate graphs of their emotional states.
- The engineer, who asked to remain anonymous, said the recognition system was meant for "pre-judgment without any credible evidence."
- The test subjects were placed in restraint chairs, locking their wrists and ankles in place, before being exposed to the camera and AI system, he said.
- The system can purportedly recognize minor changes in expressions to gauge both negative and positive emotions and display them in a pie graph.
- More than a million Uighurs are currently in detention centers in China's autonomous northwest Xinjiang territory.
- Dahua is the latest Chinese tech giant to come under fire for developing facial recognition software that can detect Uighur Muslims.
- Similar AI-based software — which is considered a form of ethnic-racial profiling — has been developed by Alibaba, Huawei and Megvii.
- Video surveillance research organization IVPM first discovered that Chinese tech companies Huawei and Megvii had first tested the AI-based camera software. The tests, which date back to 2018, included "Uighur alarms," which sent automated alerts to the Chinese government when the system detected a Uighur.