An audit conducted by the NASA Office of Inspector General found that the agency experienced 1,785 cybersecurity incidents in 2020. As the amount of data stored on orbiting satellites grows, few laws and regulations currently exist to protect it.
- Essential systems such as "communications, air transport, maritime trade, financial services, weather monitoring and defense" all rely on satellite infrastructure; thus, an exploit could be massively disruptive.
- NASA owns over 3,000 websites and 42,000 publicly accessible datasets.
- The audit found that NASA has experienced over 6,000 cybersecurity incidents in the last four years.
- The Outer Space Treaty (1967) is the only law limiting conflict in outer space, but it primarily applies to kinetic weapons such as weapons of mass destruction, not cyber warfare.